唐纳德•特朗普(Donald Trump)成为首位访问朝鲜的在任美国总统，他在分隔韩朝的非军事区跨越了边境线，这一历史性的举动是他在与朝鲜独裁者金正恩(Kim Jong Un)第三次见面时做出的。
中央情报局(CIA)原朝鲜事务分析专家Sue Mi Terry指出，一个积极的结果是，特朗普表示，金正恩已同意指定一个团队同美国的朝鲜问题特使斯蒂芬•比根(Stephen Biegun)谈判。“此前，特朗普与金正恩之间的哥们情谊阻碍了谈判进展，因为金只想与特朗普打交道，”她表示。
曾经担任克林顿政府对朝谈判代表的温迪•谢尔曼(Wendy Sherman)表示，金正恩赢得了“威权选美比赛”。此言指的是特朗普在20国集团(G20)峰会上会晤俄罗斯总统弗拉基米尔•普京(Vladimir Putin)、沙特阿拉伯王储穆罕默德•本•萨勒曼(Mohammed Bin Salman)、土耳其总统雷杰普•塔伊普•埃尔多安(Recep Tayyip Erdogan)和中国国家主席习近平。
“改变根本格局和改变关系的性质真的很难，”首尔延世大学(Yonsei University)的朝鲜问题专家鲁乐汉(John Delury)表示。“这是这个等式的不可或缺的组成部分，不容易做到。”
在哈里•杜鲁门(Harry Truman)总统下令美国军队驰援韩国69年后，特朗普访问了非军事区。这也是美国领导人首次与韩国总统一起访问该地区。特朗普由文在寅(Moon Jae-in)陪同，后者表示，特朗普和金正恩的握手“将成为和平进程中的一个重大里程碑”。
原文：Donald Trump enters N Korea and meets Kim Jong Un
Donald Trump has become the first sitting US president to visit North Korea after crossing from the demilitarised zone that divides the Korean Peninsula, in a historic move during his third encounter with North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un.
Mr Trump stepped over the border and posed for photographs with Mr Kim on Sunday before the pair crossed back to the South Korean side of the DMZ minutes later.
“I didn’t expect to meet you at this place,” Mr Kim said after Mr Trump stepped over the border into North Korea. “We should shake off history and move forward to the future”.
“Big moment,” said Mr Trump, who added that it was an “honour” to cross the border.
The two leaders then had their first meeting since February, when they held a summit in Hanoi that collapsed after they failed to agree on the path to denuclearisation, which Mr Kim had pledged to complete during their landmark first meeting in Singapore.
After an almost hour-long discussion on Sunday, the US president signalled the resumption of nuclear talks. He said teams from both sides would start working over the next two to three weeks. “We are not looking for speed, we are looking to get it right,” he said.
The meeting was orchestrated at short notice after Mr Trump on Saturday tweeted an invitation to the North Korean dictator to meet him in the DMZ during a visit to South Korea. But US officials had done some preparatory work in case of a possible meeting.
The leaders had also exchanged letters in recent weeks, adding momentum to a process that had ground to a halt. The Hanoi summit collapsed after Mr Trump refused to ease sanctions until Mr Kim abandoned his entire nuclear programme. But on Sunday, he suggested the possibility of taking the more incremental approach desired by Mr Kim.
“The sanctions remain, but at some point during the negotiations things can happen,” Mr Trump said after his meeting with Mr Kim.
Mr Trump met Mr Kim even though Pyongyang recently tested several short-range ballistic missiles — the first such move since 2017. He had played down the tests — contradicting his own officials — in an effort to maintain his relationship with Mr Kim.
Sue Terry, a former CIA North Korea expert, said one positive result was the fact that Mr Trump said Mr Kim had agreed to designate a team to negotiate with Steve Biegun, the US’s North Korea envoy. “Thus far the Trump-Kim bromance acted as an impediment to making progress, because Kim wanted to only deal with Trump,” she said.
Jung Pak, a former CIA analyst and Kim expert, said the meeting could prove worthwhile if Mr Kim really empowered his negotiators, but said she was sceptical.
“What would be the incentive for him if he can get the president of the United States to cross over into North Korea without having done very much?” Ms Pak said.
Wendy Sherman, a former North Korea negotiator in the Clinton administration, said Mr Kim had won the “authoritarian beauty contest” — a reference to meetings Mr Trump had at the G20 with Russian president Vladimir Putin, Crown Prince Mohammed Bin Salman of Saudi Arabia, Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdogan, and Xi Jinping of China.
One key question was whether Mr Trump had altered his position that Mr Kim must abandon his entire nuclear programme to get sanctions relief, Ms Sherman said: “If Putin, MBS, Xi, Erdogan are precedent, Trump gave but didn’t really get anything.”
While many experts criticised the meeting as a photo op, others said it was better for the two leaders to meet, given the tensions that existed two years ago when Mr Trump was threatening Pyongyang with “ fire and fury” as Mr Kim tested long-range missiles.
“It is really hard to change the fundamental dynamic and change the nature of the relationship,” said John Delury, a North Korea expert at Yonsei University in Seoul. “That is an essential part of this equation, and it is not easy to do.”
Mr Trump’s visit to the DMZ came 69 years after President Harry Truman ordered US troops to Korea. It was also the first time a US leader visited the area with a South Korean president. Mr Trump was accompanied by Moon Jae-in, who said a handshake between Mr Trump and Mr Kim “would be a significant milestone in the peace process”.