民主党起草法案,要求科技平台评估算法偏见

美国的民主党议员近期提出一项法案,以解决隐藏在最大科技平台表面下的算法偏见。该法案名为《算法责任法案》,提出者包括参议员罗恩·威登(Ron Wyden)和克里·布克(Cory Booker)。众议员伊维特·克拉克(Yvette Clarke)将在众议院发起平行立法。

这项法案的提出恰逢其时。上月,Facebook 就一起歧视行为诉讼达成和解。这起案件指控 Facebook 的歧视行为影响了求职广告。此外,由于住房广告瞄准工具中的类似问题,Facebook 还遭到了住房和城市发展部的民事诉讼。此次的法案针对年营收超过 5000 万美元的公司,而持有超过 100 万用户数据的公司也必须遵守法案的要求。

就像昨天参议院提出的解决 “黑暗模式设计” 的法案一样,《算法责任法案》将监管细节交由联邦贸易委员会(FTC)来处理。根据该法案,FTC 可以要求公司对自己的算法决策系统进行 “影响评估”。这其中包括评估自动化系统内部 “准确性、公平性、偏见、歧视、隐私和安全性” 的潜在后果,公司可能被要求纠正在这一过程中发现的任何问题。

在一份关于拟议立法的声明中,布克谴责了歧视性的技术行为,称这些行为导致了 “你永远不知道要出售的房子,永远不会出现的就业机会,以及你永远不会意识到的融资”。

布克说:“这项法案要求公司定期评估工具的准确性、公平性、偏见和歧视行为。”

目前,主要科技平台存在的偏见是个热门话题,但各政党会从非常不同的角度来看待这一问题。就在今天,参议院宪法司法子委员会举行听证会。此次听证会由参议员特德·克鲁兹(Ted Cruz)主持,他带领共和党人重复了最近一些未经证实的指控,即 Facebook 和 Twitter 不成比例地惩罚右翼用户。

但对民主党来说,他们更感兴趣的是算法偏见在平台以外的影响

克拉克表示:“《算法责任法案》要求大公司不对其自动化系统的意外影响视而不见。这将确保,21 世纪的技术能增强,而不是削弱我们的能力,同时也能改善所有消费者的安全和隐私。”

翻译:维金

Democrats draw up bill that would require tech platforms to assess algorithmic bias

发帖时间: news

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